Founded over 3.400 years ago, Athens really does make you feel like you have travelled back in time. With relics from many various times, including the Roman, Byzantine, Latin, and Ottoman periods, every step can lead to another wonderful discovery. This city is a must-see for everyone interested in archeology.

In this blog, we will give you some insights about the city, environment, activities, public transport, housing, and healthcare. We will provide you with some links which give you even more information on the topics we are about to share with you.

Did you know:

  • Athens is one of the world’s oldest cities with a history spanning 3.400 years
  • Plato is a famous Athenian philosopher who is credited with starting the first institution for higher education in the Western world. Plato was also the teacher of Aristotle, who is known as the ‘Father of Western Philosophy’.
  • Athens is considered to be the hottest city in Europe. The average high temperature during the summer months is 34 degrees Celsius. Athens also has the highest recorded temperature in Europe at 48 degrees Celsius in July 1977. Be prepared for hot, dry weather if you visit Athens in the summer months.

City overview 

Athens is Greece’s capital and largest city. It is the centre of all centres in the world. Athens is the city of the Olympic Games, the city of world-famous artists, a cultural hub with festivals and international events, and a scientific centre with countless museums with unique finds and exhibitions. From the Acropolis, you have a beautiful overview of Athens, the historic Agora, the church Agia Apostoll and the cosy Plaka.

Athens is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a history of approximately 3.400 years and its earliest human presence beginning somewhere between the 11th and 7th centuries before Christus. Athens was a powerful city-state. It was a centre for arts, learning and philosophy, and the home of Plato’s Academy and Aristotle’s Lyceum. It is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy, largely because of its cultural and political impact on the European continent, especially ancient Rome.

In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to Greece’s economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life. In 2021, the urban area of Athens hosted more than three and a half million people, which is about 35% of the entire population of Greece.

Umbrella street Athens, Greece, Athens, Recruit4work


Athens is surrounded by mountains. The mountains that surround Athens separate the peninsula into three plains: Pedia, Mesogeia, and Thriasia. 

Athens has a mild winter, but sometimes there can be outbreaks of cold air from December to March. This happens via the Balkan Peninsula, which brings cold and rain for some days and sometimes even snow. Snowfalls occur more in the northern part of the city. Acropolis, the city centre, is whitened with snow more easily than the lower surrounding areas. 

The summers in Athens are hot and sunny. Athens is in summer the hottest capital of Europe. In July and August, the temperature reaches quite easily 35 degrees Celsius. But during heatwaves, it can reach as high as 40 degrees Celsius. 

Precipitation is not plentiful in Athens since it amounts to 365 millimetres per year. Most rain falls in November to February, the least rain falls in summer. The amount of sunshine in Athens is great in summer. On average there are almost 28.000 hours of sunshine per year. This means that Athens is one of the sunniest cities in Europe. 


Athens is filled with archaeological treasures. The Acropolis and Parthenon are the big draw for visitors, but the city is littered with ancient Greek and Roman ruins. Athens feels like taking a step back in time, a wonderful history lesson that is great for everyone.


The Acropolis is the most popular place to visit in Athens. The best time to visit the Acropolis is at the opening time and the last two hours before closing, to avoid big crowds. The Acropolis, a fortified limestone plateau topped with the Parthenon and several other historical sites, rises from the heart of Athens. Other historical monuments around the Acropolis are the Temple of Athena Nike, the Erechtheion, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, and the Theatre of Dionysus.

Acropolis, Athens, Greece, Recruit4work

Ancient Agora & Temple of Hephaestus

Located near the Acropolis is the Ancient Agora. The ground is littered with the ruins of buildings and walkways. There are two important places to visit, the Temple of Hephaestus and the Stoa of Attalos.
The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the best-preserved Greek temples. It was constructed to honour the god Hephaestus, the patron god of fire, metalworking, and craftsmanship.
The Stoa of Attalos is a building that was built in the 2nd century. The building was reconstructed in 1950.


Plaka is a neighbourhood in Athens that stretches from the Acropolis to Syntagma Square. It is one of the best places in Athens to go shopping. Ermou Street is a pedestrian street lined with popular stores. Anafiotika is a charming, older section of Plaka with narrow, photogenic streets and shops.

Monastiraki square

Monastiraki Square is known as a busy, bustling spot in Athens. It is located in the heart of Athens, near Hadrian’s Library, and the Ancient Agora, and it is a short walk from the Acropolis. From this square, you can visit the Greek Orthodox church, a mosque, a metro station, the pillars of Hadrian’s Library, and a lot of shops. On Sunday there is a big flea market.

The Stoa of Attalos, greece, Athens,
Monastiraki square, Greece, Athens, Recruit4work

Public transport

You can easily discover the city on foot. Even the beach is a stone’s throw from the Old Quarter. Walking is a good opportunity to discover the city, but public transport is also generally good. There is a network of trams and city buses. City buses of the bus company TAM (Transporte Alicante Metropolitano) run through the city. There are also five tram lines in Alicante.

A single bus ticket costs €1,45, which you can buy on the bus. Please note, bus drivers give change up to €10. If you think you are going to use the bus a couple of times, it could be a good idea to buy a rechargeable card named Móbilis. You can buy a rechargeable card at the TAM office, located at Calle Díaz More 6 (near the Central Market) and Muelle de Poniente (close to the Port, in the Central Bus Station of Alicante). A rechargeable card costs €2,- or €4,- when you personalise it with a picture. You can put money on it depending on how many rides you want to make. A single ticket costs €1,45, but with a 10-ride Móbilis card it costs €8,70, or a 30-ride Móbilis card for €26,10. These cards can also be used for the tram.

The Athens Metro has 3 lines. 

  • Line 1 (green line): Kifisia – Piraseus
  • Line 2 (red line): Anthoupoli – Eliniko
  • Line 3 (blue line): Airport – Douk. Plakentias – Nikea

The metro connects important landmarks of the Greek capital, such as Acropolis, Athens Airport, Port of Piraeus, Central Railway Station, and Olympic Stadium. It also connects to the centre of Athens with the suburbs. Archaeological exhibits found during Metro’s construction and modern works of art are exhibited in many stations.

The Suburban Railway is part of the national railway network of Greece. It is operated by the private company TrainOSE.

There are 3 main routes:

  • Piraeus – Athens Central Station (Larissa Station)
  • Airport, Piraeus – Athens Central Station 
  • Kiato and Athens Central Station – Halkida

There are also extra trains between Ano Liosia and Airport station as well as Ano Liosia and Koropi stations. 

Acropolis of Athens, Athens, Greece

Taxis are yellow in Athens, while other colours are preferred elsewhere in Greece. They can be a more convenient means of transportation. While many taxi drivers are excellent professionals, some of them may try to gain more opting for the longest route when their passenger is not familiar with their destination.


Rental prices in Athens are divergent. A one-bedroom apartment in the city centre costs an average of €470. Outside the city centre, a one-bedroom apartment is on average €430. Of course, this depends on the area you are going to live in Athens. Athens has so many beautiful neighbourhoods to live in. For you, we will highlight the best neighbourhoods in Athens.

Plaka. Many of the establishments in what was formerly the nightlife sector were shut down by the government to deter undesirable elements. It’s now a bright and airy neighbourhood that attracts both tourists and locals. There are plenty of opportunities to look in the many shops and explore the cafes and restaurants. Plaka is great for families and calmer sorts.

Gazi. Is a little bit cheaper than Plaka. Gaiza is just a 20-minute walk to the key attractions and it is a lively place in itself. In Gaiza, there is a cultural neighbourhood. There is an old factory that has been turned into a unique museum.

Psyri. Has great nightlife. If you like to go out, dance all night long and drink in a hipster cocktail bar then this area is perfect for you! Psyri is a relatively cheap neighbourhood for drinks.

Exarchia. It is a busy area with a lot of art spaces, street art and coffee bars are popping up everywhere.

Anafiotika, Athens, Greece

To help you a little bit with searching, we created a list special for you! Some websites for renting apartments in Athens are:


The overall standard of healthcare in Greece is generally high. In Athens, you will find a high number of excellent doctors who can deal with all medical problems. Although there is some variation between the mainland and many smaller islands, due to the financial crisis back in the past.

Greece has a National Health System (ESY) that seeks to provide all citizens with free and equal access to high-quality health care. The system is made up of a combination of public and private health service providers that are separated into three categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary.

If foreign residents and their families contribute to the Social Insurance Institute (IKA), they have access to free or low-cost public healthcare. IKA is a public insurance company that manages Greece’s social security. Expats must apply for national health insurance, which is managed by IKA, as soon as they begin working, and they will be issued an AMKA social security card. Patients must pay a charge for prescription medicines, although medical care provided by IKA-approved practitioners is often free.

Free laboratory services, maternity care, medical-related appliances or devices, and emergency transportation are among several benefits. Other European Union citizens are also able to get free healthcare if they have a European Health Card, which entitles the bearer to public healthcare insurance for a certain time. Pensioners from EU nations who intend to settle in Greece and get their pension from their home country are also eligible for state health benefits.

Greek flag, Greece, Athens, Recruit4work

In bigger cities, public ambulance services, known as EKAV, are widely available, and response times are generally good, however access to some islands and rural areas may be limited. Private ambulances, EKAV helicopters, and taxis may be viable alternatives in this case for emergencies in more rural places.

If you have an emergency, you can call 166 or 112!

If you call 166 operators may not be able to speak English, so you may wish to rather dial emergency number 112 for an English operator.

Some words to get you started

Greek is not an easy language to learn, because of the different orthography. That is why we help you a little bit with the most common words in Greek. It is often much appreciated if you make an effort to say something in Greek; even if all you can do is say hello! If you walk through a less touristy town in the evening, you will see the residents sitting outside their houses, usually with several neighbours. As soon as you greet yourself you will see a big smile on most faces and of course, they greet you back.

English Greek How to pronounce 
Hi Γειά σου YAH-soo
Nice to meet you Χάρηκα πολύ HA-ree-ka po-LEE
Good morning Καλημέρα Kah-lee-MER-ah
Goodnight Καληνύχτα Kah-lee-NEEKH-tah
Thank you Ευχαριστώ Eff-kha-ri-STOE
Yes Ναί Neh
No Óχι OH-hee